A forklift is a powerful tool that allows one person to precisely lift and place large heavy loads with little effort. However, there is great risk of injury or death when an operator has not been properly schooled. The OHS Act Driven Machinery Regulations
require employers to ensure that all forklift operators are trained and hold a certificate of competence in accordance with the National Code of Practice for the Evaluation of Training Providers for Lifting Machinery Operators
While not designed to substitute for operator training, this user-friendly book provides critical information about forklifts, pre-operation inspections, how forklifts work, stability principles, safe operation, handling loads and stacking.
Written in plain English and filled with explanatory diagrams, it is an invaluable training aid and reference book for operators.
Table of Contents:
Operator certification — Forklift operator codes — Types of accidents involving forklift trucks — Basic safety rules.
Know your forklift
Truck frame — Counterweight — Cab — Overhead guard — Power source — Electric forklifts — Petrol and diesel forklifts — Liquid petroleum forklifts — Use of gears — Inching pedal — Tilt cylinders — Mast — Carriage — Load back rest — Attachments.
Daily check — What to look for
All trucks — Petrol and diesel or LPG — Electric.
Load centre — The load capacity data plate — Centre of gravity — Triangle on wheels — The dangers.
Pre-operational check — Mounting and dismounting — Fasten your seat belt — Do not speed — Steering characteristics — Use an assistant in narrow spaces — Keep forks low — Look left and right and sound horn — No passengers — Avoid hazards — Slow down when turning — Keep a clear view of the path of travel — No hands on mast — Safe braking distance — Overhead clearance — Pedestrians and forklifts don’t mix — Travelling on inclines and ramps — Driving indoors — Do not cross railway lines — Leaving a forklift unattended.
Do not overload — How do you determine the weight of a load No passengers — Do not add counterweights — Do not use fork tips — Do not carry unstable loads — Use suitable pallets — Follow correct procedure for lifting pallets — Do not drag loads — Space forks correctly — Distribute the load evenly — Use the carriage or back-rest extension — Driving onto truck — Loading and unloading flat bed trucks — Be familiar with packaging symbols — Dangerous goods.
Stacking and de-stacking
General rules — Stacking procedure — Double stacking — De-stacking procedure.